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Four Type Systems


This blog is about all sort of personality systems based on four categories.

Saturday, February 21, 2015

On 6:18 AM by Jane Rekas in    No comments

Winter T4   |  Autumn T3   |  Spring T1   |  Summer T2

DateFounderExtroversion scalesPeople-task orientation scaleIntroverted, 
task-oriented
Extroverted, 
task-oriented
Extroverted, relationship-orientedIntroverted, relationship
-oriented
Moderate
c. 450 BCClassical 
elements
Scales not recognizedAreas not recognizedearthfireairwaterether
c. 400 BCHippocrates's
 four humours
Scales not recognizedAreas not recognizedblack bileyellow bilebloodphlegmNot Recognized
c. 190Galen's four temperamentsresponse-delay
(quick, slow)
response-sustain
(short, long)
melancholiccholericsanguinephlegmaticNot Recognized
c. 1025Avicenna's four primary
temperaments
[12]
morbid states, functional power, subjective sensations, physical signsAreas not distinguishedrheumatism
insomnia,
wakefulness, acquiredhabit
lack of desire for fluids
loss of vigour, deficientenergy,
 insomnia,
wakefulness, high pulserate,
 lassitude, acquiredhabit
loss of vigour
lassitude, deficient energy,
sleepiness, high pulserate, 
lassitude
rheumatism
lassitude, lack of desire for fluids,
sleepiness
Not Recognized
c. 1900Ivan Pavlov's 
four
 temperaments
Passivity:
(Active or
Passive)
Extremeness:
(Extreme response or
Moderate response)
melancholic (Weak inhibitory)choleric (Strong excitatory)sanguine (Lively)phlegmatic (Calm imperturbable)Not Recognized
c. 1900Alfred Adler's 
four Styles of Life
"activity""social interest"AvoidingRuling or DominantSocially UsefulGetting or LeaningNot Recognized
c. 1928William 
Marston and
 John G. Geier 
DiSC
 assessment
Assertive/
Passive
Open/
Controlled
Conscien-
tiousness
DominanceInfluenceSteadinessNot Recognized
c. 1947Erich Fromm's
 four Types of Character
assimilationsocializationHoardingExploitativeMarketingReceptiveNot Recognized
c. 1948California Psychological Inventory 
CPI 260
action,
social confidence/
inner life, privacy
Rule-favoring
/questioning, stability/value system, Agreeable/
disagreeable
VisualizerLeaderInnovatorSupporterNot Recognized
1958MBTI codesE/I,Informative/
Directive
(mapped by David Keirsey)
ISTJ, INTJ, 
ISTP, INFJ

I..J mostly
ESTJ, ENTJ, ESTP, ENFJ

E..J
ESFP, ENFP, ESFJ, ENTP

E..P
ISFP, INFP, ISFJ, INTP

I..P mostly
Not Recognized
c. 1958William Schutz,
FIRO-B
ExpressedWantedSee FIRO article for score names.
c. 1960sStuart Atkins 
LIFO's four Orientations
To Life
Planning vs.DoingDirecting vs. InspiringConserving-HoldingControlling-TakingAdapting-
Dealing
Supporting-GivingNot Recognized
c. 1960sDavid Merrill, "Social Styles"Assertiveness (Ask-Tell)Responsiveness (Control-Emote)AnalyticalDrivingExpressiveAmiableNot Recognized
1964Blake-
Mouton
 Managerial 
Grid Model
Concern for People, ProductivityAreas not distinguishedImpoverishedProduce or PerishTeam TypeCountry ClubMiddle of the Road
c. 1966Temperament
 by LaHaye
Compares other instruments [13]Areas not distinguishedMelancholyCholericSanguinePhlegmatic"passive sanguine" [14]
1973Jay Hall 
Conflict 
Management
[15]
Concern for personal goalsConcern for relationshipsLeave-lose/winWin/loseSynergistic; Win/winYield-lose/winMini-win/mini-lose
1974Thomas-
Kilmann 
Conflict 
Modes[16]
AssertivenessCooperativenessAvoidingCompetingCollaboratingAccommodatingCompromising
c. 1984The Arno 
Profile System
 (Five
 Temperaments)
ExpressiveResponsiveMelancholyCholericSanguineSupinePhlegmatic
c. 1995Worley 
Identification Discovery 
Profile
Demonstrated, DesiredSocial, Leadership, RelationshipMelancholyCholericSanguinePhlegmaticIntroverted Sanguine
c. 1996Tony Alessandra
Personality Styles
Indirect/DirectOpen/GuardedThinkerDirectorSocializerRelaterNot Recognized
c. 1998Hartman Personality ProfileNot recognizedNot recognizedBlueRedYellowWhiteNot recognized
c. 2001Linda V. Berens' four
Interaction Styles
Initiating-RespondingInforming-
Directing
Chart the CourseIn ChargeGet Things GoingBehind the Scenes  Not Recognized

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Two-factor_models_of_personality

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